Garuda Bird

Garuda Bird
The Sign of Indonesia

Jul 18, 2010

Mojo Fruit, in The Name of Majapahit Kingdom

Mojo Fruit (Aegle Marmelos Correa) is rareness fruit, which many found in East Java area especially in Mojokerto regency and its surroundings. Mojo Fruit has two compounds, namely antiviral compound and poison compound. Antiviral compound is enough useful because can be applied to fight against bacterium, microbe, and virus, while the poison compound is exactly harm because it can make a death. But even many publics assuming that Mojo fruit cannot be consumed, the reality is there are many people who wish to look after it.

There are some opinion say that Mojo (Aegle Marmelos) tree, which is the legend plant in Indonesia, simply have many special qualities. The mosquitoes are not like its bitter taste, so that its extract is applicable to avoid mosquito if it rub to arm and foot.
Mojo Tree yield fruit of equal fruit like Citrus Maxima, the fruit is green, its kernel is white like white pumpkin and small seed. While, the old Mojo is amber with white kernel, tasted bitter.
Mojo Fruit is historic fruit, related to the forming of the biggest Kingdom in Indonesia, Mojopahit. It is said that Mojo fruit found when Raden Wijaya is permitted to cut open Tarik forest. With his army and Madura team helps, he cut open the forest so that it was good to occupied. When they were working, one of the army felt hungry. Then the guard to try to look for food in the middle of the forest, but he just meet Mojo tree with the circular fruit and green. The guard was thinking to eat this Mojo fruit. Then he ate the fruit, which actually the taste is bitter. Involuntary, he said that Mojo fruit is bitter. Because most of all area in the forest is grown by Mojo tree which is bitter, hence after that, the place is named Mojopahit, which means; the bitter Mojo fruit.
Then finally, the name of Mojopahit Kingdom is very famous until now on and believes as Indonesians genesis. Now, many people who have never see Mojo fruit. But, Mojo tree are found in many area such as; Mojokerto, Nganjuk, Jombang and its surroundings. Even its special quality is not known yet, but it is quite a few of people who wish to plant Mojo tree as house yard decorator in order to seen green and fresh.

Mojo Fruit: Old-Getting Old-Young

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Water Castle (Tamansari) Yogyakarta

Formerly Tamansari was a recreation garden or a resting house for the Sultan and Family. The other resting houses including Warungboto, Manukberi, Ambarbingun, and Ambarrukmo functioned for the vacation and meditation for the royal family. The other function is used as hiding place for royal family to defend against the enemy assault.

Tamansari is located about 2 km south of Yogyakarta Palace. Built by Portuguese architect in European aquatic construction adorned with Javanese Symbolize ornaments. Tamansari was built in the Sultan Hamengku Buwono I period in the end of XVII Century. Tamansari not only just a recreation, but it's also a compound of bathing pool, canals, rooms and extremerly large swimming pool (if the canals opened).
The Tamansari complex consist of:
  1. The Sacred Room
    There is the sacred place in the complex showing a separated building, which once functioned as a hermitage place for the Sultan and his family
  2. The Bathing Pool
    This part was formerly a pleasure place for the royal family. Consists of two bathing pool that are separated with a 2-storey building. From this building the Sultan watched all the women swimming in the outer pool. Then he might ask some of them to accompany him into the inner pool. The water sprouts from a forming animal statue into the pool. The pool is also adorned with some big flowerpot.
  3. Kenanga or Cemeti Island
    This part compounds of some building such as Kenanga or Cemeti Island (forming Island), Sumur Gemuling and underground tunnels.
    This artificial island is a high building used as resting room and reconnoitering place. This will be the only building surfaced when the canals opened and the water over flew this area. From the higher place it like lotus floating in the middle of big pool.
    Sumur Gemuling is building constructed in circle such a well (Javanese: sumur) where some rooms formerly used as praying room.
    The tunnels in this area were underground passageways to the Sultan palace. The legend says about secret tunnel connecting to the south sea (Indian Ocean) where Nyai Roro Kidul or the Queen of the South has her palace. The supernatural Queen becomes the wife of Yogyakarta Sultan for many generations. This secret tunnels is gateway to the world where the Sultan meeting is supernatural wife. However the building also functioned as a hiding place for the royal family against the enemy attack.
Tamansari is an interesting place to visit. Besides the location is very closed to the Sultan palace, Tamansari has it owned speciality in attraction reflecting in some unimpaired ancient building and its atmosphere as the main tourist object of Yogyakarta.
There is Masjid Sokotunggal, a unique mosque with a single pillar that is different from Javanese traditional architecture. Although built in the early of XX century, the mosque gives another attraction of this area. Kampung Taman that lies in the Tamansari complex nearby known for the batik craft. Visitor can buy or watch handmade process for both batik painting and batik clothes. Therefore people from all over Indonesia and abroad have visited this village. Not for from Tamansari is Ngasem traditional market, the biggest bird market in Yogyakarta. All of those attractions have made Tamansari become one of main tourist object in Yogyakarta besides Yogyakarta palace.

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