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Jun 5, 2010

A GLIMPSE OF DAYAK TRIBES


Dayak tribes spread and settled in the hinterland of Kalimantan, precisely at the headwaters of mountains, valleys and foothills. they survive by hunting, farming and gardening. Dayak consists of seven major tribes, namely:
1. Dayak Ngaju (consisting of four small tribes and 90 tribal sedatuk)
2. Lettuce Kayan Dayak (consisting of three small tribes and 60 tribal sedatuk)
3. Dayak Iban and Heban (divided into 11 tribes sedatuk)
4. Dayak Dayak Klemantan or Army (consisting of two small tribes and 87 tribal sedatuk)
5. Dayak Murut (consisting of three small tribes and 44 tribal sedatuk)
6. Dayak Punan (consisting of four small tribes and 52 tribal sedatuk)
7. Ot Danum Dayak (consisting of 61 tribes sedatuk)






Dayak has a unique cultural tradition,which are:
Traditional dance
1.       Kancet Papatai  Dance


        This dance tells the story of a hero of the Dayak Kenyah war against its enemies. The movement of this dance is very mercurial, agile, energetic and sometimes followed by cries of the dancers.

In Kancet Pepatay dance, dancers use traditional clothing Dayak Kenyah equipped with armaments such as saber, shield and armor.
This dance accompanied by song Sak Paku and only use one musical instrument called Sampe.
2.       Kancet Ledo Dance/ Gong Dance


        Dance Kancet Ledo describes the gentleness of a girl like a rice snaking gently blown by the wind.
        This dance performed by a woman by wearing traditional clothes Dayak Kenyah and on both hands holding a series of tail feathers of the hornbill. This dance is usually danced with the sound of a gong, which is also called Kancet Ledo Gong Dance.
3.       Hudoq Dance



       This dance is performed by using a wooden mask that resembles a wild animal and using banana leaves or coconut leaves as a cover of a dancer's body. This dance is closely connected with religious ceremonies of the Dayak groups and Modang Bahau. Dance Hudoq intended to gain strength in overcoming the destructive pest plant and expects to be given fertility with a lot of crops.
4.       Belian Bawo Dance


        Belian Bawo ceremony aims to resist disease, cure the sick, pay vows, and others. Once converted into a dance, dance is often served at the reception events and other art events. This dance is a dance of Dayak Benuaq

Traditional weapons
1.       Mandau


Mandau / saber is an heirloom that  used by the Dayak hereditarily and considered as a sacred object. Besides being used for a battle,Mandau is also commonly used by the Dayak tribes to accompany them in performing their daily activities, such as slashing or cutting meat, herbs, or other objects that need to be cut.

2.       Sipet 

According to Dayak belief, sipet should not be used to kill fellow human beings. Sipet only be used for everyday purposes, such as hunting.

by Afif Azhar (111060158)
                                               http://betang.com/kategori/seni-budaya  

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1 comment:

  1. beautiful culture,
    beautiful arts,
    beautiful girls,
    beautiful Indonesia

    ReplyDelete