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Jun 3, 2010

Batik as Indonesian Cultural Heritage

Author : Wulansari Darawijaya

Indonesian batik is aone of culture of Indonesia.UNESCO has been designated as a Heritage for Humanity for the Oral and Intangible Cultural (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) since October 2, 2009
Batik in Indonesia has been known since the Majapahit kingdom . Starting the spread of batik art belongs to the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribe in the end of 18thcentury or the beginning of 19th century. Batik that was produced until the early twentieth century is “batik tulis” (the design of batik that is painted by people). Printed batik has known after the first world wars or around 1920. Batik had the connection with the spread of Islamic teachings. Many areas in Java, batik centers are in santri (students who study about Islam) dormitories are. Then , the Muslim sellers made batik as economic tool to against the Dutch economy.
Batik art is the art of painting for clothing that becomes one of cultural Indonesian kingdom old. Batik initially was only made in the palace. As a result, Batik was only was worn by the king, the family of king and his followers . Because many of the followers of the king who lived outside the palace, They brought out the art of batik from the palace and carried batik to their place. Nowadays, batik is not only in Java Island but also almost the regions in Indonesia has their own batik. Finally, batik is the culture of Indonesia.
Lately, batik art has been imitated by the people and subsequently expanded into the women’s work in the household to fill his spare time. Furthermore, batik clothing was only in the palace (keratin), then became a popular as folk clothes, both women and men. White fabric that is used when it is the result of homespun.

In general, the process of making batik through three stages: coloration, giving the night (candle) wax on the fabric and the release of the wax on the fabric.
  • white cloth will be given primary color according to our tastes or remain white until the night wax was given . The process of granting this night wax may use canting (the tool to paint on the fabric using hand) or with a stamp process. On the cloth that was given the night wax can cause the coloring process of batik can not sign on the fabric that is covered by the night wax (wax resist). After a given night wax, batik dyed with colors. This coloring process can be performed several times according to desire, how many colors as desired.
  • If the coloring process has finished, the night wax was faded with the heating process. Batik has become a melting braised till night and apart from the water. The boiling process was done twice. The last step is using a soda ash liquid to turn off the color attached to the batik and avoid the color fading. After boiling over, batik soaked in cold water and dried.
 process of batik painting


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