Garuda Bird

Garuda Bird
The Sign of Indonesia

Jun 19, 2010

Gamelan, The Instruments for Classical Orchestra

Gamelan is a term for various types of orchestra played in Indonesia.  It is the main element of the Indonesian traditional music.  Each gamelan is slightly different from the other; however, they all have the same organization, which based on different instrumental groups with specific orchestral functions.  The instruments in a gamelan are composed of sets of tuned bronze gongs, gong-chimes, metallophones, drums, one or more flute, bowed and plucked string instruments, and sometimes singers.  In some village gamelan, bronze is sometimes replaced by iron, wood, or bamboo.  The most popular gamelan can be found in Java, and Bali.




In Indonesian traditional thinking, the gamelan is sacred and is believed to have supernatural power.  Both musician and non-musicians are humble and respectful to the gamelan.  Incense and flowers are often  offered to the gamelan.  It is believed that each instrument in the gamelan is guided by spirits.   Thus, the musician have to take off their shoes when they play the gamelan.  It is also forbidden to step over any instrument in a gamelan, because it might offend the spirit by doing so.  Some gamelan are believed to have so much powers that playing them may exert power over nature.  Others may be touched only by persons who are ritually qualified.  In Javanese gamelan, the most important instrument is the Gong Ageng.  The Javanese musicians believe that Gong Ageng is the main spirit of the entire gamelan.



Gamelan is a way of linking individuals in social groups.  Gamelan music is performed as a group effort, and so there is no place for an individual showoff.  Traditionally, gamelan is only played at certain occasions such as ritual ceremonies, special community celebrations, shadow puppet shows, and for the royal family.  Gamelan is also used to accompany dances in court, temple, and village rituals.  Besides providing music for social functional ceremonies, gamelan also provides a livelihood for many professional musicians, and for specialized craftsmen who manufacture gamelan.

Today, although gamelan music is still used for ritual ceremonies and the royal family, it is also performed as concert music at social and cultural gatherings to welcome guests and audiences.  Gamelan is also used to accompany many kinds of both traditional and modern dances, drama, theatrical and puppetry.  In modern days, gamelan can be kept in places such as courts, temples, museums, schools, or even private homes. 




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Jun 15, 2010

Jamu, A Traditional Medicine

'Back to nature' is not merely a slogan in Java and Indonesia. The visible proof is the use of traditional herbal medicine of various type of 'medical plants', either from the leaves, the fruits, the roots, the flowers or the barks, etc.
These herbal medicine had been used since the ancient time up to now, it is largely consumed by people of different level; lower, middle and upper, in the villages and in the big cities.
The study of jamu had been conducted by Rumphius, a botanist as early as the year 1775 AD by publishing a book 'Herbaria Amboinesis'. A scientific research for jamu by the research center of herbal medicine in Bogor Botanical Garden, resulting a publication of a book 'Medical Book for Children and Adults', composed by E. Van Bent.
The first seminar about jamu has been held in Solo in 1940, followed by a Formation of Indonesia's Jamu Committee in 1944. In the 1966, a seminar on jamu was held again. In 1981, a book by title of 'The use of Medical Plants'was established to support the jamu industry in the country.
The method of using the jamu remains the same as the ancestors did. Some are consumed by drinking it and some are for outside application.
At present one could buy easily ready made jamu packed modernly in the form of powder, pills, capsules, drinking liquid and ointments. Of course there are still jamu shops, which sell only ingredients or prepare the jamu on spot as required by buyers. Some women are roaming the street to sell jamu, is a common view across the country.


The traditional methods of making jamu such as by boiling the prepared herbal ingredients (jamu godok) still prevail in Javanese society. The popular traditional tools of making jamu are still available in many Javanese houses such as; Lumpang (small iron Mortar), pipisan, parut (grater), kuali (clay pot), etc.
What kind of disease could jamu cure?
The reply is almost every disease, jamu could cure. There are various kinds of jamu to combat different kind of illness. In Principle there are two types of jamu; the first is jamu to maintain physical fitness and health, the locally popular are Galian Singset (to keep women body fit and slim) and Sehat Lelaki (to keep men body healthy). The second is jamu to cure various kinds of illness. Except the above, there are special jamu created with the purpose to maintain a loving family harmony. The popular products among other are Sari Rapet, which makes a women sexual organ in a good condition, as for the man the matched product is jamu Kuat Lekaki (strong man). The Javanese are also taking a great care to pregnant women during pre and postnatal period by producing the related jamu. There are also jamu for the babies.
The Herbs for Jamu
There are hundreds of herbs for jamu prescriptions, among other are:
Spices
Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)
Lempuyang (Zingiber Oronaticum)
Temu Lawak/ Wild Ginger (Curcuma Cautkeridza)
Kunyit/ Tumeric (Curcuma Domestica)
Kencur/ Greater Galingale (Kaemferi Galanga)
Lengkuas/ Ginger Plant (Elpina Galanga)
Bengle (Zingiber Bevifalium)
Leaves
Secang (Caesalpinia Sappan Hinn)
Sambang Dara (Rexco Ecaria Bicolar Hassk)
Brotowali (Tiospora Rumpii Boerl)
Adas (Foeniculum Vulgare Mill)
Fruits
Jeruk Nipis/ Calamondin (Citrae Aurantifalia Sivingle)
Ceplukan (Physalic Angulata Him)
Nyamplung (Calophylum Inaphyllu)
Barks
Kayu Manis/ Cinamon (Gijeyzahyza Glabra)
Flowers
Melati/ Yasmin (Jataninum Sunbac Ait)
Rumput Alang-alang (Gramineae)
It is worth to note that some jamu factories in Java are exporting its products. Besides the export of ready made jamu, 25 kinds of herbal plants and ingredients are also in the list of export to Europe, Australia, USA, Japan, etc.
No Side Effects
The people like to consume jamu due to :
  • Availability in many places
  • Comparatively cheap price
  • No side effects






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The Abandoned Onrust Island


The Dutch called this island Eijland Onrust (Dutch for "Unrest"). Onrust is also known as Palau Kapal (Ship Island) or Palau Damar Besar. Onrust was the site of a major shipyard and five sided fort that had belonged to the by then defunct Dutch East India Company. The Dutch had to rebuild the naval base on Onrust several times due to British attacks, such as the one in 1800. The last restoration was in 1840. In 1883 the explosion of Krakatoa sent a huge tidal wave that destroyed the last Dutch naval base on the island. During the 19th Century Onrust held a sanitorium for people suffering from tuberculosis and a quarantine station for pilgrims returning from the for pilgrims returning from the Hajj to Mecca. The quarantine barracks took up some two-thirds of the island and could hold 3,500 pilgrims. Over the years erosion reduced Onrust from its original 12 hectares to 7.5 hectares (2002). The administration then built concrete retaining walls around the island but these are now in a dilapidated state.


The Onrust Island and three other close islands, namely the Kelor Island, Pulau Cipir (Kahyangan) and the Sakit Island (Bidadari) was part of the Thousand Islands group that was located in Jakarta gulf waters. After VOC Netherlands had the power in 1619, the Onrust Island and surrounding area were made the foremost defense post to protect the Batavia city (Jakarta). This Onrust Island fortification was destroyed during 1800 resulting from the English attack. Afterwards was built again in 1840 as the naval base, but was again destroyed during 1883 when the tidal wave resulting from the eruption of the Krakatau mountain happening These islands were neglected more than a quarter of the century. Just was built again in 1911, but his function and no longer as the place of the defense but as the pilgrim's quarantine. The existence of this history received quite big attention from the Special Capital District of Jakarta Government.






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Pinisi, The Toughest Ship from Indonesia

The pinisi is a traditional Indonesian two masted sailing ship. It was mainly built by the Konjo of South Sulawesi but was and is largely used by the Bugis and Makassar.


The hull of the ships looks similar to that of a dhow while the fore-and-aft rigging reminds of western schooners, although it might be more correctly termed to resemble a ketch, as the front mast is the larger.
The large mainsails differ from western style gaff rigs though, as they often do not have a boom and the sail is not lowered with the gaff. Instead it is reefed towards the mast, much like a curtain, thus allowing the gaff to be used as deck crane in the harbour. The lower part of the mast itself may resemble a tripod or is made of two poles.
Pinisis may be 20 to 35 meters long and 350 tons in size. The masts may reach to 30 meters above the deck.

The Evolution of an Indigenous Wooden Sailing Vessel

The "modern" wooden 'Pinisi' type has been derived from similar craft that have been in use in and around Indonesia for several centuries. According to some sources, similar types have existed prior to the 1500's, such as the Arabian Dhow.
The sailing 'Pinisi' hull form in many ways resembles a cross between two traditional American sailing vessel types, the Pinky Schooner and the Tancook Whaler, even though the 'Pinisi' hull type pre-dates those Western hull forms by centuries... In other words, in its original form the 'Pinisi' was a double ended hull type, having sharply raked stem and stern post. There was not a centerline rudder however, as with the American craft. Instead the local Indonesian craft in the past most often made use of twin rudders, one on each aft quarter.
Used both as transport and as cargo vessels, the craft we are calling 'Pinisi' (variously spelled Pinissi, Pinisiq, or Phinisi) have traditionally been built on the beach, where the logs have come from the forests of Sulawesi (Celebes) and Kalimantan (Borneo), then transported to the boat building sites.
Historically, several interesting rituals and ceremonies have been part of building such a vessel, beginning with choosing the right trees for critical parts of the structure. Just as with traditional wooden boat building in the West, various rituals continue throughout the building process to initiate and celebrate each stage, such as the all important laying of the keel. 


The 'Pinisi' Tradition

A few clarifications of terminology are in order... 
The Builders:  Although the builders of these craft are commonly lumped under the category of Bugis peoples, there are four cultural sub-sets of boat builders to be separately distinguished in South Sulawesi (per the writings of Horst Liebner).  The primary groups are the Konjo of the southern tip of South Sulawesi (from near the towns of Ara, Bira, and Tanah Biru), the Mandar of West Sulawesi to the north of Makassar, the Bugis from the region near Wajo on the eastern shore of the Gulf of Bone (the central gulf between the two halves of Sulawesi), and the Makassarese from the region around the city of Makassar.  Among these groups, the Konjo of South Sulawesi appear to have had the primary and most influential role as boat builders.
The Vessels:  Technically, the term 'Pinisi' refers to the rig itself.  In particular 'Pinisi' refers to the usual gaff-ketch type of rig.  Locally this rig is referred to as a "seven sail schooner" even though the aft gaff sail is slightly smaller than the forward gaff sail, in fact making it a ketch rig.
Per Horst Liebner, the correct term for the sharp-stern sailing craft is 'palari' or 'lamba' among the Konjo boat builders of South Sulawesi.  When the stem and stern post are straight, and are set at a sharply raked angle to the keel, the hull form is the 'lamba' as opposed to the 'palari' which make use of curved timbers for both stem and stern.
Since the term 'Pinisi' has come to be commonly applied to the hull form as well, we will use the word 'Pinisi' here to refer to the sailing hull type for the purposes of our discussion...
These 'Pinisi' have traditionally been built in a variety of sizes. Although in the past the craft tended to be smaller, it is not uncommon to find 30 to 40 meter vessels under construction, with an occasional Pinisi ranging up to around 50 meters (close to 165 feet on deck) or larger.
The widespread use of a sharply raked stem and stern post is simply the practical result of making efficient use of the timber lengths that can be conveniently brought down from the forest. In this way the vessel can be quite large and still have a relatively modest length of keel timber. Conveniently, it also makes them very good sea boats!
In many Indonesian boat building locations, good timber has become difficult to obtain, therefore costly. Many builders have begun using shorter and shorter timbers, resulting in a compromised hull structure, particularly in larger craft. With many of the ritual ceremonies becoming less and less common, some may suggest that this too has conspired against the longevity of the ships.
One very significant improvement in the quality of available timber has been made possible by the Konjo builders themselves. . . The builders of larger vessels have actually re-located!  Quite a number of the Konjo builders from Southwest Sulawesi have simply moved, in order to be close to larger supplies of good quality timber.
In so doing, the builders of Southwest Sulawesi have literally carved a new building site and a new village out of the jungle in Kalimantan (Borneo). Several new building sites are located in Kalimantan Selatan (South Kalimantan) and Kalimantan Timur (East Kalimantan), on the banks of rivers close to the supply of timbers. It is here that they have been able to obtain the size and quality of timbers necessary for building wooden vessels of up to 50 or so meters in length.
Presently (2008) the boatbuilding sites in Kalimantan Selatan have fallen out of favor.  The most advanced of these builders have sought new sites located farther in Kalimantan Timur. These newly favored sites are in the regions of Sangkulirang and Berau.  When asked about this our friend and master builder Pak Tandra simply says, "We are boat builders. We will always follow the wood!"


There are two general types of Pinisi.
  • Lamba or lambo. Pinisi of a long and slender built, having a straight stern. This type of Pinisi is the one currently surviving in its motorized version (PLM).
  • Palari. Older type of Pinisi with a curved stern and keel. They were usually smaller than the Lamba.






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Jun 7, 2010

Ujung Kulon National Park



Ujung Kulon National park is an isolated untamed wilderness on the southwestern tip of Java. The Dutch opened this park in 1921 to protect the threatened Javanese rhinoceros. Now the area covers about 760 sq km including Panaitan Island. It is one of the best places in Java for wildlife spotting. There are many kinds of animal species, which can be seen. They are birds, wild pigs, hornbills, river otters, deer, crocodiles and the Javanese rhinoceros. The crocodiles and the Javanese rhinoceros are rare seen but we never know.
The best time to visit Ujung Kulon is between April and October. To get there and to get information about the park the visitors have to go to Labuhan where the PHPA at the coastal road can give us all information and arranges our permit for the park. An entry permit is needed, issued by the Forestry Service / PHPA (Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam) at Labuan. From here we can also take the boat to Ujung Kulon. The boat leaves on Mondays and Fridays and returns on Sundays and Thursdays.

Handeuleum Island is at the northern bay of Ujung Kulon and offers also a small guesthouse. Peucang Island at the western tip of Ujung Kulon also has a guesthouse and also a small restaurant. Marine life in the surrounding seas is a kaleidoscope of colors. Beautiful sea gardens are found off Peucang and Panaitan islands. From one of these two islands we can start to explore the park. In the park are several posts of the PHPA where we can stay over for the night. If we want to hike in the park we must hire a guide from the PHPA in Tamanjaya. It is wise to bring our own food and sleeping back if we want to stay over for the night in the park. If we want to walk around the whole park along the tracks it will take us about 3 three days (45km). On the western tip of the peninsula is a lighthouse built by the Dutch, which stands near the site of the ruins of the old one.

 Author:  Muchlis Febrianto (114070100)



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Karang Bolong Beach




The name Karang Bolong means Rock (karang/batu) with a hole ( bolong/lubang). This may have been some forza lava, formed during the eruption of Mount Krakatau. Karang Bolong beach is the beach tourist object where there is a big  rock with its hole in the middle, overlooking  to the open sea. The rock forms a gate facing the sea, making its look very beautiful. There is a small forest, which has been converted into a place of recreation. There is a river flowing down to the sea where people can have a bath of fresh water after swimming in the sea. Karang bolong beach is located 50 km from serang town or 140 km from Jakarta, on karang bolong street.

 Author:  Muchlis Febrianto (114070100) 
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Rawon-----Slurppp

What is Rawon?
Rawon is a meal con­sisting of spe­cial spicy beef soup.Com­monly, the beef is cut into bite sized pieces. The spicy soup is made of ground mix­ture of spices cooked in oil until it is aro­matic. Then the spice is poured into boiled stock along with beef. The spe­cial dark/black color of rawon comes from keluak as prime spice. It is served with rice, com­pleted with small bean sprouts, leek, chips, and sambal.This original recipe is from Surabaya, Indonesia
After you have this meal, im very sure you must be love with Indonesian special food...slurrrppppp

source:
 http://recipes.wikia.com/wiki/Rawon_Daging_Sapi

Ahmad Adrian (111061047)

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Special food from bali --------- Lawar Bali

What is Lawar?
In addition Guling Pig, Lawar also a favorite Balinese cuisine. Lawar made from a mixture of meat ,young jackfruit, papaya complete with Balinese spices. Lawar usually served as side dishes and eaten in a days after carrying out traditional ceremonies by way of buffet.
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Banggai Islands



Banggai Islands are historically part of the Banggai Kingdom who was known since 13th century, as contained in "Negarakertagama" by Empu Prapanca at  1478 or 1365 the Saka yearBanggai Kingdom, initially only cover an area of Banggai Islands, but later is united with Banggai Darat by Adi Cokro whose surname is Mumbu Doi JavaCokro's brother who is a warlord of the Ternate Kingdom, who married a Portuguese princess, have a son named Mandapar. Mandapar who  known as the First King of Banggai  inaugurated in 1600 by Sultan Said Berkad Syam from the Ternate KingdomKing Mandapar whose surname is Mumbu Godong Doi led Banggai until 1625.



The remains of the the Banggai Kingdom  which was built in the XVI century that are still found today is Royal Palace of Banggai in the  Banggai CityIn the reign of King Syukuran Amir, the capital of the kingdom which was originally located in Banggai archipelago moved to Banggai Darat (Luwuk). 


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Jun 6, 2010

THE LEGONG DANCE

The legong dance might be the most interesting and graceful dance in the island, A legong is a girl, a young girl not older than early teens. According to the legend, this dance was inspired by the imagination of a king in 19 century. Others said that Legong was inspired by the dream of a King about goddess, the King then search the entire kingdom to find dance gurus and train them hard to make the dream close to reality.
The Legong Dance is a classic dance that has a very complex library of movement that flow along with gamelan. The word “Legong” is from the word “leg” mean elastic, elegance, and the word “gong” mean the music, so the Leg - Gong is a dance represents the epitomy of grace and femininity. The dancer has to let all the energy of the gamelan’s sounds flow to their body untill you feel shaking. The hands are the most mesmerizing, as the arms move up and about, the fingers are doing a dance of their own. They can make individual pairs of fingers flutter simultaneously, at the same time, the eyes are darting from left to right.
Style of the famous Legong dance in Bali is Peliatan style, style and style Saba Badung. Among the three styles are the most active force Peliatanlah conduct regular gig as a dance spectacle. Legong popularity began in 1931 after a group of art from Peliatan sensational European art community in the Colonial Exhibition in Paris with the performance of Legong and Calonarang. Similarly in 1952 for the second time a visit to Europe and the United States brought by a British impresario, John Coast. Thus, as a pioneer Peliatanlah Legong Bali pariwsata promotion abroad. Once berkesannya Legong appearance in London as to the BBC in London wearing tarinya procession to escort Indonesian broadcasts for decades.
After the enormous success overseas and is very famous in the country and every effort made to maintain the distinctiveness of motion tarinya. Certainly the most instrumental in forming a reliable dancers are AA Duet Made Gusti Gde Mandera with Sengog that both had died by pouring style and vocabulary of specific dance movements. Regular performances in Peliatan since 1954 with tourist arrivals sometimes once a month, then continues today with performances three times a week for domestic and foreign tourists.
The story behind legong is very stylized and symbolic, involves three dancers, the two legong and their attendant, the congong. The legongs are beautifully dressed tightly with gold brocade that so surprising they can move so rapidly.

Source :

Video :
Tari Legong Kuntul
Tari Legong Lasem
Tari Legong Jobog
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ANGKLUNG INDONESIA CULTURAL HERITAGE


Angklung is an instrument made from joints of a piece of bamboo. The use of angklung is swayed and shaken by hand. This instrument has been known since a long time ago in some places in Indonesia, especially in West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Bali. The word ‘Angklung’ was originated from Sundanese “angkleung-angkleungan”, that means the movement of angklung player and the sound “klung” that comes from the instrument. Angklung is found by Mr Daeng Sutigna 1938. in beginning, angklung used initially limited to the interests of local or traditional arts. But because of the sound generated is very tunable and also has local and international content such as sound tones Duremi fa so la si du and Daminatilada, the angklung too fast growing, not only locally but also performed for performed for regional, national and international. Angklung performances staged in front of the State's leaders at the Asia Africa Conference in Bandung, Gedung Merdeka in 1955.
Number of players angklung can reach 50 people, even up to 100 people and can be combined with any other musical instruments such as piano, organ, guitar, drums, and others. Aside from being a tool of art, angklung can also be used as souvenirs or fruits after hand decorated with various other accessories.
After the death of Angklung Daeng Sutigna passed by the creations of art and Erwin Anwar Ujo Mang. Even Mang Ujo has made the manufacture and development center angklung art creations called 'Saung Angklung Mang Ujo "Padasuka Cicaheum located in Bandung. One program she is doing, especially to preserve arts Angklung Angklung is to introduce students to the school, starting kindergarten, up to senior secondary level and has even become one of the curriculum at the local subjects.

Traditional Angklung
1. Angklung Baduy
It has not known from where and when Baduy Angklung came. The spread of this angklung was not too wide. It may be because the performance was monotonous and boring.
In Baduy Jero society, Baduy Angklung is used as a performance which support traditional ceremony to respect Sang Hyang Asri or Dewi Sri as an agricultural and fertility goddess. That ceremony is well known as ngaseuk pare, a ceremony held when planting rice seedling in field, and ngampihkeun pare, a ceremony when take the rice to rice-shed.
Baduy Angklung consists of four ‘ancak’ that called King-king, indo, panempas, and gong-gong. Dog-dog and bedug have function to escort song rhythm and song tempo. The players use white or black ‘kampret’, ‘lomar’, and ‘iket’. The total players are fifteen players; consist of nine angklung players, three bedug players, and the other as dancers.
In the performance, angklung and dog-dog escort them who sing and dance (ngalagu jeung ngalage). The song is done by reply each other, while dancing and moving around. The songs are Ayun-ayunan, Bibi Lenjang, Cik Arileu, Hiah-hiah Panjang, Jari Gandang, Keupat Rendang, Lili-liyang, Nganteh, Ngaseh, Oray-orayan, Pong-pok, Salaela, Yandi Bibi, Ketek-ketek, and Pileuleuyan.

2. Angklung Buncis
Buncis Angklung was first made by Mr. Bonce in 1975 in Kampung Cipurut, Desa Baros, Arjasari, Bandung. It was told that Mr. Bonce worked as a fisherman in a river. One day, he found the river where he put basket trap for fish overflowed because of flood. That flood washed away some bamboos then he took home those bamboos and put in fireplace. After dried, he hit those bamboos and they produced good and clear sound. So, he made angklung. The angklung was named Buncis Angklung. Mr. Bonce made seven sets of Buncis Angklung and sold them to Aki Dartiam. After that, Aki Dartiam combined the angklung with dog-dog and trumpet.
Buncis angklung is played as an art which escort public ceremony or other events that involve a lot of people, such as nginebkeun pare or take the rice from rice field to house, heleran ceremony or guiding children from house to bengkong’s house to do circumcision, wedding ceremony, and other national ceremony.

3. Angklung Gubrak
Long time ago, Kampung Cipining, Bogor was threatened by starvation because the rice in the rice field couldn’t grow well. The people believed that the calamity happened because of the anger of Dewi Sri who was mourn and didn’t get any entertainment or angry to the people. The people belived that Dewi Sri stayed in the sky and they tried many things to invite Dewi Sri to come to the earth and gave fertility to the rice fields. Many efforts done, such as gave sacrifice, arranged art performance like suling performance, karinding performance, etc. But those efforts didn’t give any results. Dewi Sri didn’t come down to the earth and the plants didn’t grow well.
Finally, there was a man named Mukhtar. He invited his friends to go to Cirangsad Mountain to cut surat bamboo. Afterwards, those bamboos were dried while doing ‘mati geni’ as long as 40 days. Mukhtar processed those bamboos to become angklung. He completed the angklung with dog-dog lojor. He taught the people how to play angklung and organized a ceremony for Dewi Sri and used angklung as a medium. After that ceremony, the plants grew well and fertile. It was believed that Dewi Sri accepted the ceremony and wanted to come down to the earth and gave fertility. Angklung could attracted Dewi sri to come from the sky (in Sundanese, it is called Ngagubrag). Later, this angklung is called Gubrag Angklung.
Gubrag Angklung is played in seren taun ceremony, which is a ceremony held in last harvest. Besides that, Gubrag Angklung also played in family party, anniversary, national days and many other events that involve a lot of people.

4. Angklung Bungko
Bungko Angklung can be found in Desa Bungko, the boundary of Cirebon and Indramayu. The first Bungko Angklung was believed to be 600 years old. The first Bungko Angklung is still alive, kept well, although it doesn’t have tone anymore. The first Bungko Angklung always enclosed in every performance of Bungko Angklung as an official symbol of that performance.
Bungko Angklung was developed by a figure of society, named Syeh Bentong or Ki Gede Bungko, after used as a performance to escort the Bungko’s village people to fight the pirates. Ki Gede Bungko used Bungko Angklung to spread Islam.
Besides those kinds of angklung, there are many other kinds of angklung that spread in almost every place in West Java. For example, Jinjing Angklung which usually plays as entertainment, angklung without vocal in Kanekes, angklung with susualan in Panamping, Sered Angklung in Tasikmalaya which is the angklung competition for children, etc.
One effort in continuing and developing traditional angklung has been done by Udjo Ngalagena through traditional angklung practice program in his Saung Angklung where the participants should learn and understand about traditional angklung before they learn about modern angklung or other Sundanese arts that have been modified.
Angklung Development In Indonesia

The Magic of Angklung
Other things which lead to the development of meaningful values in music education are:
* Increasing awareness on music
* Emerging music sense
* Developing rhythm sense, melody and harmony, etc.
* The other important things of Angklung are:
* Intellectual/intelligent development
* Creativity-discipline
* Emotional and expressions channel in playing music happily.
* Practice coordinating body movement when following music rhythm in terms of psychomotor nerve development.
* Some health centres in other country have proved through their scientific findings that Angklung has been a health therapy medium.
Furthermore, it is expected that traditional arts be able to stimulate idealism and interests of young generation on the existence of Sundanese traditional arts/music. In addition to this, it is further hoped that young generations also get interested in preserving natural environment.

Source :
http://www.angklung-udjo.co.id/angklung/history-of-angklung/
http://www.angklung-udjo.co.id/angklung/definition/

Video :
Angklung Orchester Hamburg in Concert
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQB27SRWMUY
Angklung at Bandung, Indonesia
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wM04N21aDfY

Author : Prasetyo Read More..