Garuda Bird

Garuda Bird
The Sign of Indonesia

Jul 19, 2010

Betawi Local Food "Kerak Telor"

Kerak Telor is a Betawi (local inhabitant of Jakarta) traditional spicy omelette dish in Indonesian cuisine. It is made from chicken or duck egg fried into omelette mixed with rice and spice, served with a coconut granule, considered as snack. During the special event such as annual Jakarta Fair we can find Kerak Telor which are sold massively on some spots.



They are served from the hawkers carts. We must order each portion that we want to eat. They put a small amount of ketan (sticky rice) on a small wok pan and heated it on charcoal fire. Then chicken or duck egg (based on our choice) will be added on also some spices and mix well. No vegetable oil is used during this process. That's why the omelette will stick on the wok and enable to put it upside down straight against charcoal fire until it's totally cooked. Finally, sweet grated coconut granule, dried salted shrimp and fried shallots are sprinkled on the omelette, it's ready to serve.




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Jul 18, 2010

Mojo Fruit, in The Name of Majapahit Kingdom


Mojo Fruit (Aegle Marmelos Correa) is rareness fruit, which many found in East Java area especially in Mojokerto regency and its surroundings. Mojo Fruit has two compounds, namely antiviral compound and poison compound. Antiviral compound is enough useful because can be applied to fight against bacterium, microbe, and virus, while the poison compound is exactly harm because it can make a death. But even many publics assuming that Mojo fruit cannot be consumed, the reality is there are many people who wish to look after it.


There are some opinion say that Mojo (Aegle Marmelos) tree, which is the legend plant in Indonesia, simply have many special qualities. The mosquitoes are not like its bitter taste, so that its extract is applicable to avoid mosquito if it rub to arm and foot.
Mojo Tree yield fruit of equal fruit like Citrus Maxima, the fruit is green, its kernel is white like white pumpkin and small seed. While, the old Mojo is amber with white kernel, tasted bitter.
Mojo Fruit is historic fruit, related to the forming of the biggest Kingdom in Indonesia, Mojopahit. It is said that Mojo fruit found when Raden Wijaya is permitted to cut open Tarik forest. With his army and Madura team helps, he cut open the forest so that it was good to occupied. When they were working, one of the army felt hungry. Then the guard to try to look for food in the middle of the forest, but he just meet Mojo tree with the circular fruit and green. The guard was thinking to eat this Mojo fruit. Then he ate the fruit, which actually the taste is bitter. Involuntary, he said that Mojo fruit is bitter. Because most of all area in the forest is grown by Mojo tree which is bitter, hence after that, the place is named Mojopahit, which means; the bitter Mojo fruit.
Then finally, the name of Mojopahit Kingdom is very famous until now on and believes as Indonesians genesis. Now, many people who have never see Mojo fruit. But, Mojo tree are found in many area such as; Mojokerto, Nganjuk, Jombang and its surroundings. Even its special quality is not known yet, but it is quite a few of people who wish to plant Mojo tree as house yard decorator in order to seen green and fresh.







Mojo Fruit: Old-Getting Old-Young


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Water Castle (Tamansari) Yogyakarta


Formerly Tamansari was a recreation garden or a resting house for the Sultan and Family. The other resting houses including Warungboto, Manukberi, Ambarbingun, and Ambarrukmo functioned for the vacation and meditation for the royal family. The other function is used as hiding place for royal family to defend against the enemy assault.


Tamansari is located about 2 km south of Yogyakarta Palace. Built by Portuguese architect in European aquatic construction adorned with Javanese Symbolize ornaments. Tamansari was built in the Sultan Hamengku Buwono I period in the end of XVII Century. Tamansari not only just a recreation, but it's also a compound of bathing pool, canals, rooms and extremerly large swimming pool (if the canals opened).
The Tamansari complex consist of:
  1. The Sacred Room
    There is the sacred place in the complex showing a separated building, which once functioned as a hermitage place for the Sultan and his family
  2. The Bathing Pool
    This part was formerly a pleasure place for the royal family. Consists of two bathing pool that are separated with a 2-storey building. From this building the Sultan watched all the women swimming in the outer pool. Then he might ask some of them to accompany him into the inner pool. The water sprouts from a forming animal statue into the pool. The pool is also adorned with some big flowerpot.
  3. Kenanga or Cemeti Island
    This part compounds of some building such as Kenanga or Cemeti Island (forming Island), Sumur Gemuling and underground tunnels.
    This artificial island is a high building used as resting room and reconnoitering place. This will be the only building surfaced when the canals opened and the water over flew this area. From the higher place it like lotus floating in the middle of big pool.
    Sumur Gemuling is building constructed in circle such a well (Javanese: sumur) where some rooms formerly used as praying room.
    The tunnels in this area were underground passageways to the Sultan palace. The legend says about secret tunnel connecting to the south sea (Indian Ocean) where Nyai Roro Kidul or the Queen of the South has her palace. The supernatural Queen becomes the wife of Yogyakarta Sultan for many generations. This secret tunnels is gateway to the world where the Sultan meeting is supernatural wife. However the building also functioned as a hiding place for the royal family against the enemy attack.
Tamansari is an interesting place to visit. Besides the location is very closed to the Sultan palace, Tamansari has it owned speciality in attraction reflecting in some unimpaired ancient building and its atmosphere as the main tourist object of Yogyakarta.
There is Masjid Sokotunggal, a unique mosque with a single pillar that is different from Javanese traditional architecture. Although built in the early of XX century, the mosque gives another attraction of this area. Kampung Taman that lies in the Tamansari complex nearby known for the batik craft. Visitor can buy or watch handmade process for both batik painting and batik clothes. Therefore people from all over Indonesia and abroad have visited this village. Not for from Tamansari is Ngasem traditional market, the biggest bird market in Yogyakarta. All of those attractions have made Tamansari become one of main tourist object in Yogyakarta besides Yogyakarta palace.




































Source : http://www.travelpod.com/ad/Water_Castle_Tamansari-Yogyakarta
             http://www.tripadvisor.com/ShowUserReviews-g294230-d379334-r4003857-Water_Castle_Tamansari-Yogyakarta_Java.html
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Jul 8, 2010

Stone Burnt Party on Papua


Discussed about Papua it seems had not the end. The pretty exotic island that located on the end East of Indonesia had the attraction of extraordinary nature. For example, mentioned the underwater tour attraction of King Ampat Waters. This region had more than 1.070 species kinds of fish, 600 species kinds of coral reef, and 699 mollusk kinds. This matter made this region underwater heaven for the divers. Not only that, the Sentani Lake, Paniai Lake, Jayawijaya PeakLorentz National Park, all of them kept the attraction that will not be enough to be translated through words.

Apart from the territory and the tourist attraction that was mentioned above, still had again the place in Papua that had beauty of nature that was still natural, where that was the Baliem Valley. Was located in the height 1,600 on sea level, were framed the jungle and the river current, as well as was not yet touched by technology, made this region the place that kept millions stories and the incident. In this place, Papua countryside ethnic groups knitted the meaning of their daily life. The countryside ethnic groups were still living in theHonai House, that was male clothed with Koteka and the woman clothed with Noken. Behind all that, these countryside ethnic groups kept the tradition wealth and the typical and unique culture.

Like other ethnic groups in 
Indonesia, these countryside ethnic groups also had the unique and typical grateful tradition. One of them was the Bakar Batu Party. The Bakar Batu Party was a ritual traditional Papua that was done as the form of the expression of gratitude for the abundant blessing, the marriage, the great guest reception, but also as the death ceremony. Moreover, this ceremony was also carried out as peace proof after the war happening between-ethnic group.

This party was often carried out in the 
Baliem Valley Region, Wamena Sub district, Jayawijaya District, Papua, Indonesia. However, the assurance of the location point was carried out was uncertain. If as the death ceremony and the marriage, this party will be carried out in the resident's house that had party. However, when this ceremony as the expression of gratitude or the symbol of peace usually is carried out in the middle of the big field.

In accordance with the name, in cooking and processing food for this party, ethnic groups in Papua used the method of burning the stone. Each area and the ethnic group in the 
Baliem Valley region had the term personally to reconcile words burnt the stone. The Paniai community mentioned it with ‘Gapii‘ or ‘Mogo Gapii‘, the Wamena community mentioned it ‘Kit Oba Isago‘, whereas the Biak community mentioned it with ‘Barapen‘. However apparently Barapen became the most general term to use. Bakar Batu Party also was the site to gather for the resident. In this party will be seen how high is the solidarity and the community's Papua togetherness. The other meaning from this party was as the expression to forgive each other interregional.
Bakar Batu Party procession usually consists of three stages, which is the preparations stage, burns the pig, and eats together. The preparations stage was preceded with the search for firewood and the stone that will be utilized to cook. The stone and firewood were compiled with the place as follows, in the lowest part was organized measuring big stones, above was covered with firewood, afterwards was organized again the rock that his measurement was more small, et cetera until the highest part was covered with wood. Afterwards this heap was burnt until wood was completely burnt and the rock became hot. The men generally do all this.

At the time, respectively the ethnic group handed over the pig. Then in turns the head of the ethnic group bowed the pig. When the pig died at once bow, that was the sign that the agenda will be successful. However when the pig indirectly died, was believed there’s something wrong with the agenda. If that is the death ceremony, usually several relatives of the sorrowful family brought the pig as the symbol of the condolences. If not, they will bring the parcel-contained tobacco, cigarettes, cooking oil, salt, sugar, coffee, and salted fish. Did not forget, when expressing condolences each must embrace tight and kissing the cheek.

In another place, women prepared the foodstuff that will be cooked. The pig is usually divided from the neck underside to the back leg groin. The contents of the stomach and the other part that were not consumed will be issued, while the part that will be cooked was cleaned. Likewise with vegetables and tubers.

The other men prepared a hole that the size be based on food numbers that will be cooked. The hole bottom was afterwards covered indifferently and the bananas leave. By using the special wood clip that was mentioned Apando, the slag cinders were compiled on the foliage. After that was afterwards covered again indifferently. On the tall grass afterwards, pork put into. Afterwards was closed again with the foliage. On this foliage afterwards was closed again with the stone glowed, and was covered again with the thick field.

After that, Hipere (sweet potatoes) was compiled above. The following layer was indifferent that was stockpiled again with the stone glowed. Afterwards vegetables take the form of Iprika or the leaves Hipere, Tirubug (the cassava leaves), Kopae (the paw paws leaves), Naham also (the machete gourd), and Towabug or Hopak (corn) placed above. Be not enough only tubers, sometimes the cooking will be increased with the discount Barugum (fruits). Further the hole was stockpiled again with grass and the stone glowed. Highest was placed the bananas leaves that were sprinkled the land as a holder, so the hot from the stone did not yawn.

Approximately 60 have till 90 cooking minutes been ripe. After ripe, grass will be opened and available food inside began to be issued one by one, afterwards was explained on the field. After food is spread out above, there was the person that will take red ripe. That was squeezed until going out his paste. Paste from red was poured on pork and vegetables. Salt and the flavor the feeling were also spread on the serving.

Now arrived during him for the resident to eat the serving that was ripe. All the inhabitants will cluster surrounded this food. The head of the 
Ethnic Group will become the first person who accepted the allocation took the form of sweet potatoes and pork. Further all will receive the same allocation, the man, the woman, parents, and children. After that, the inhabitants then began to eat this food. Bakar Batu Party was the agenda that most waited for by the resident of Papua countryside ethnic groups. In order to join this party they were willing to neglect the field and did not work for days. Moreover, they also were prepared to spend money in the number that was big to finance this party.


The geographical 
Papua condition that most took the form of the forest, hills, as well as mountains, caused access to head the location of the holding was difficult. For tourist who wanted to go to Papua, could use the transport of sea and air. If arriving in Papua, tourist could continue the trip used small aircraft that served the flight to the hinterlands. Moreover And You Too could use the car off-road rented.

Usually, this 
Bakar Batu Party was carried out in places was isolated, because of that was difficult to get adequate facilities. However, at least in theWamena City, stood some accommodation that could you rent. For the problem ate tourist might not worry, because in this city also was gotten many restaurants. For the transport, you could use small aircraft that served the flight through to far to the hinterland. Moreover, in the Wamena City also was gotten by the leasing of the wheel vehicle of four. If you did not have relatives or the acquaintance who could guide the tourist, tourist could make use of the available travel agency in the Wamena City.



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The Famous of "Kopi Luwak"


Kopi Luwak are robusta or arabica coffee beans which have been eaten by and passed through the digestive tract of the Indonesian Civet (family of Viverridae). This process takes place on the islands of Sumatra, Java and Sulawesi in the Indonesian Archipelago.

"Kopi" is the Indonesian word for coffee and "Luwak" is local name of this animal which eats the raw red coffee 'cherries' as part of its usual diet. This animal eats a mixed diet of insects, small mammals and fruits along with the softer outer part of the coffee cherry but does not digest the inner beans, instead excreting them still covered in some inner layers of the cherry.

Locals then gather the beans,which come through the 'animal stage' fairly intact, and sell them on to dealers. It is believed that enzymes in the stomach of the civet add to the coffee's flavour through fermentation of some type.









(Kopi Luwak at Oprah Winfrey Show)


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Jul 4, 2010

Sate, Special Smoked Meat



Sate is one of the favourite street foods in Bali and Java. Sold from smokey street-side carts, this snack of bbq meat on bamboo sticks needs no advertising, you can smell it a block away. In Bali and Java sate can include many ingredients including ayam (chicken), kambing (goat), sapi (beef),kelinci (rabbit) and others. The Balinese love sate penyu (turtle), which officially can only be sold at ceremonies, but in practice is sold at other times as well.



Sauces:

Some familiar sauces are used, particulary kecap manis (sweet soy sauce), or peanut sauce. For sate ayam peanut sauce is used. Sate kambing uses soya sauce, garlic and chili. Sate sapi uses soy or peanut sauce and kelinci peanut sauce. In general the sauces used are very similar to those in Bali.
Sate vendors:

Tukang sate (sate vendors) are easy to spot, because of the billowing smoke emanating from their carts. They often use an electric fan to feed the glowing coconut husks with air. A more traditional method is to fan the glowing embers with akipas (hand held bamboo fan).
Where to buy sate:

In the morning you can find a tukang sate at the pasar pagi (morning market) in Kuta. Balinese love sate lilit (mashed up fish and coconut), which is then pressed onto a lemongrass stick with spices, roasted and served with salt and chili. The pasar pagi closes at around 8.30am. During daylight hours you might look for warungs that are frequented by locals, such as some of the ones in Tuban, if there is an abundance of smoke, sate can’t be far away.
In Seminyak there is a sate vendor across from Bintang supermarket, who works from around 5.30pm and finishes around 11pm. All these guys keep their own hours so there’s no exact time on when they are around. When ordering sate from a vendor be sure to ask what kind of sate they serve, as its usually only 1 kind of meat. Ask the price and then tell him how many sticks you want. Sate is usually served with longtong (rolled and compacted rice). The local pasar malam (night market) will usually hve a sate vendor.
How much does sate cost?

A ballpark figure on sate prices is a as follows. Ten pieces of sate ayam (chicken) without longtong 4,000rp. You should add 1,000-2,000rp more for sapi (beef), kelinci (rabbit), kambing (goat) and penyu (turtle).
Sate sapi is roughly the same price as kambing and turtle, 5,000rp for 10 pieces. Turtle sate has a deliciously complex sauce that is not padas (spicy hot). It takes about 10 ingredients to make including corriander (cilantro) seeds.
History of sate

Satay (also written saté) is a dish that may have originated in Sumatra or Java, Indonesia, but also popular in many other Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, and Thailand, as well as in The Netherlands which was influenced through its former colonies. In Malaysia, satay is a very popular dish especially during celebrations and it can be found throughout the country. A close analog in Japan is yakitori. Additionally, shish kebab from Turkey and sosaties from South Africa are also very similar to satay.
Although recipes and ingredients vary from country to country, satay generally consists of chunks or slices of meat on bamboo or coconut leaf spine skewers, which are grilled over a wood or charcoal fire. Turmeric is often used to marinate satay and gives it a characteristic yellow color. Meats used include beef, mutton, pork, venison, fish, shrimp, chicken and even the cow stomach. Some have also used more exotic meats, such as crocodile and snake meat. It may be served with a spicy peanut sauce dip, or peanut gravy, slivers of onions and cucumbers, and ketupat. Pork satay can be served in a pineapple based satay sauce or cucumber relish. An Indonesian version uses a soy-based dip.

Origins of sate (satay):

Some allege that satay was invented by Chinese immigrants who sold the skewered barbecue meat on the street. Their argument is that the word satay means “triple stacked” (三疊) in Amoy dialect, and indeed, satay is often made with three flat lozenges of meat.
On the other hand, it is also possible that it was invented by Malay or Javanese street vendors influenced by the Arabian kebab. The explanation draws on the fact that satay only became popular after the early 19th Century, also the time of the arrival of a major influx Arab immigrants in the region. The satay meats popularly used by Indonesians and Malaysians and , mutton and beef, are also traditionally favoured by Arabs and are not as popular in China as are pork and chicken.
Sate Tegal, sate of goat meat, the goat is usually a yearling kid or even a 5 month old kid which spawn an acronym common in Tegal – balibul (literally acronym of just 5 month). The skewer has 4 chunks, being two pieces of meat on the top then one piece of fat and closed with another piece of meat. Grilled over a long metal griller fired with wood charcoal. The grill is between medium and well done, however it is possible to ask for medium rare. Sometimes the fat piece can be replaced with liver or heart or kidney piece. The unit sold is a kodi, twenty skewers. Half a kodi is only for children, adults may consume more than 1 and half kodies. Prior to grilling, there is no marinate as some people believed to be necessary. On serving, it is accompanied by touch deeped in sweet soya sauce (medium sweetness, slightly thinned with boiled water), sliced fresh chilli, sliced raw shallots (eschalot), quartered green red tomatoes. Steamed rice sometimes garnished with fried shallots.
Satay Madura, originating in the island of Madura, near Java, is certainly the most famous variant known among Indonesians. Most often made from mutton or chicken, the distinctive characteristic of the recipe is the black sauce made from soy sauce mixed with palm sugar, garlic, shallots, peanut paste, fermented shrimp paste (petis), pecans, and salt. It is mainly eaten with rice and venison curry.
Satay Lilit is a satay variant from Bali, a famous tourist destination. Unlike most varieties of satay, it is made from minced beef, chicken, fish, pork, or even turtle meat, which is then mixed with grated coconut, thick coconut milk, lemon juice, shallots, and pepper. Wound around bamboo, sugar cane or lemon grass sticks, it is then grilled on charcoal.
Satay Padang, a dish from Padang city and surrounding area in West Sumatra, made from cow or goat offal boiled in spicy broth, which is then grilled. Its main characteristic is yellow sauce made from rice flour mixed with spicy offal broth, turmeric, ginger, garlic, coriander, galanga root, cumin, curry powder and salt. It is further separated into two sub-variants, the Pariaman and the Padang Panjang, which differ according to taste and the composition of their yellow sauces.
Saté Susu, or Milky Satay, a tasty dish commonly found in Java and Bali, grilled spicy cow breast with distinctive ‘milky’ taste, served with hot chili sauce.
Satay Makassar, from a region in Southern Sulawesi, is made from beef and cow offal marinated in sour carambola sauce. It has a unique sour and spicy taste. Unlike most satays, it is served without sauce.
Satay Meranggi, commonly found in Purwakarta and Bandung, two towns in Java, is made from beef marinated in a special paste. The two most important elements of the paste are kecombrang (Nicolaia speciosa) flower buds and ketan (sweet rice) flour. Nicola buds brings a unique smell and liquorice-like taste. It is served with ketan cake (juadah).
Satay Kulit found in Sumatra is a crisp satay made from marinated chicken skin.




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Jun 19, 2010

Gamelan, The Instruments for Classical Orchestra

Gamelan is a term for various types of orchestra played in Indonesia.  It is the main element of the Indonesian traditional music.  Each gamelan is slightly different from the other; however, they all have the same organization, which based on different instrumental groups with specific orchestral functions.  The instruments in a gamelan are composed of sets of tuned bronze gongs, gong-chimes, metallophones, drums, one or more flute, bowed and plucked string instruments, and sometimes singers.  In some village gamelan, bronze is sometimes replaced by iron, wood, or bamboo.  The most popular gamelan can be found in Java, and Bali.




In Indonesian traditional thinking, the gamelan is sacred and is believed to have supernatural power.  Both musician and non-musicians are humble and respectful to the gamelan.  Incense and flowers are often  offered to the gamelan.  It is believed that each instrument in the gamelan is guided by spirits.   Thus, the musician have to take off their shoes when they play the gamelan.  It is also forbidden to step over any instrument in a gamelan, because it might offend the spirit by doing so.  Some gamelan are believed to have so much powers that playing them may exert power over nature.  Others may be touched only by persons who are ritually qualified.  In Javanese gamelan, the most important instrument is the Gong Ageng.  The Javanese musicians believe that Gong Ageng is the main spirit of the entire gamelan.



Gamelan is a way of linking individuals in social groups.  Gamelan music is performed as a group effort, and so there is no place for an individual showoff.  Traditionally, gamelan is only played at certain occasions such as ritual ceremonies, special community celebrations, shadow puppet shows, and for the royal family.  Gamelan is also used to accompany dances in court, temple, and village rituals.  Besides providing music for social functional ceremonies, gamelan also provides a livelihood for many professional musicians, and for specialized craftsmen who manufacture gamelan.

Today, although gamelan music is still used for ritual ceremonies and the royal family, it is also performed as concert music at social and cultural gatherings to welcome guests and audiences.  Gamelan is also used to accompany many kinds of both traditional and modern dances, drama, theatrical and puppetry.  In modern days, gamelan can be kept in places such as courts, temples, museums, schools, or even private homes. 




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Jun 15, 2010

Jamu, A Traditional Medicine

'Back to nature' is not merely a slogan in Java and Indonesia. The visible proof is the use of traditional herbal medicine of various type of 'medical plants', either from the leaves, the fruits, the roots, the flowers or the barks, etc.
These herbal medicine had been used since the ancient time up to now, it is largely consumed by people of different level; lower, middle and upper, in the villages and in the big cities.
The study of jamu had been conducted by Rumphius, a botanist as early as the year 1775 AD by publishing a book 'Herbaria Amboinesis'. A scientific research for jamu by the research center of herbal medicine in Bogor Botanical Garden, resulting a publication of a book 'Medical Book for Children and Adults', composed by E. Van Bent.
The first seminar about jamu has been held in Solo in 1940, followed by a Formation of Indonesia's Jamu Committee in 1944. In the 1966, a seminar on jamu was held again. In 1981, a book by title of 'The use of Medical Plants'was established to support the jamu industry in the country.
The method of using the jamu remains the same as the ancestors did. Some are consumed by drinking it and some are for outside application.
At present one could buy easily ready made jamu packed modernly in the form of powder, pills, capsules, drinking liquid and ointments. Of course there are still jamu shops, which sell only ingredients or prepare the jamu on spot as required by buyers. Some women are roaming the street to sell jamu, is a common view across the country.


The traditional methods of making jamu such as by boiling the prepared herbal ingredients (jamu godok) still prevail in Javanese society. The popular traditional tools of making jamu are still available in many Javanese houses such as; Lumpang (small iron Mortar), pipisan, parut (grater), kuali (clay pot), etc.
What kind of disease could jamu cure?
The reply is almost every disease, jamu could cure. There are various kinds of jamu to combat different kind of illness. In Principle there are two types of jamu; the first is jamu to maintain physical fitness and health, the locally popular are Galian Singset (to keep women body fit and slim) and Sehat Lelaki (to keep men body healthy). The second is jamu to cure various kinds of illness. Except the above, there are special jamu created with the purpose to maintain a loving family harmony. The popular products among other are Sari Rapet, which makes a women sexual organ in a good condition, as for the man the matched product is jamu Kuat Lekaki (strong man). The Javanese are also taking a great care to pregnant women during pre and postnatal period by producing the related jamu. There are also jamu for the babies.
The Herbs for Jamu
There are hundreds of herbs for jamu prescriptions, among other are:
Spices
Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)
Lempuyang (Zingiber Oronaticum)
Temu Lawak/ Wild Ginger (Curcuma Cautkeridza)
Kunyit/ Tumeric (Curcuma Domestica)
Kencur/ Greater Galingale (Kaemferi Galanga)
Lengkuas/ Ginger Plant (Elpina Galanga)
Bengle (Zingiber Bevifalium)
Leaves
Secang (Caesalpinia Sappan Hinn)
Sambang Dara (Rexco Ecaria Bicolar Hassk)
Brotowali (Tiospora Rumpii Boerl)
Adas (Foeniculum Vulgare Mill)
Fruits
Jeruk Nipis/ Calamondin (Citrae Aurantifalia Sivingle)
Ceplukan (Physalic Angulata Him)
Nyamplung (Calophylum Inaphyllu)
Barks
Kayu Manis/ Cinamon (Gijeyzahyza Glabra)
Flowers
Melati/ Yasmin (Jataninum Sunbac Ait)
Rumput Alang-alang (Gramineae)
It is worth to note that some jamu factories in Java are exporting its products. Besides the export of ready made jamu, 25 kinds of herbal plants and ingredients are also in the list of export to Europe, Australia, USA, Japan, etc.
No Side Effects
The people like to consume jamu due to :
  • Availability in many places
  • Comparatively cheap price
  • No side effects






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The Abandoned Onrust Island


The Dutch called this island Eijland Onrust (Dutch for "Unrest"). Onrust is also known as Palau Kapal (Ship Island) or Palau Damar Besar. Onrust was the site of a major shipyard and five sided fort that had belonged to the by then defunct Dutch East India Company. The Dutch had to rebuild the naval base on Onrust several times due to British attacks, such as the one in 1800. The last restoration was in 1840. In 1883 the explosion of Krakatoa sent a huge tidal wave that destroyed the last Dutch naval base on the island. During the 19th Century Onrust held a sanitorium for people suffering from tuberculosis and a quarantine station for pilgrims returning from the for pilgrims returning from the Hajj to Mecca. The quarantine barracks took up some two-thirds of the island and could hold 3,500 pilgrims. Over the years erosion reduced Onrust from its original 12 hectares to 7.5 hectares (2002). The administration then built concrete retaining walls around the island but these are now in a dilapidated state.


The Onrust Island and three other close islands, namely the Kelor Island, Pulau Cipir (Kahyangan) and the Sakit Island (Bidadari) was part of the Thousand Islands group that was located in Jakarta gulf waters. After VOC Netherlands had the power in 1619, the Onrust Island and surrounding area were made the foremost defense post to protect the Batavia city (Jakarta). This Onrust Island fortification was destroyed during 1800 resulting from the English attack. Afterwards was built again in 1840 as the naval base, but was again destroyed during 1883 when the tidal wave resulting from the eruption of the Krakatau mountain happening These islands were neglected more than a quarter of the century. Just was built again in 1911, but his function and no longer as the place of the defense but as the pilgrim's quarantine. The existence of this history received quite big attention from the Special Capital District of Jakarta Government.






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