Garuda Bird

Garuda Bird
The Sign of Indonesia

Jul 19, 2010

Betawi Local Food "Kerak Telor"

Kerak Telor is a Betawi (local inhabitant of Jakarta) traditional spicy omelette dish in Indonesian cuisine. It is made from chicken or duck egg fried into omelette mixed with rice and spice, served with a coconut granule, considered as snack. During the special event such as annual Jakarta Fair we can find Kerak Telor which are sold massively on some spots.

They are served from the hawkers carts. We must order each portion that we want to eat. They put a small amount of ketan (sticky rice) on a small wok pan and heated it on charcoal fire. Then chicken or duck egg (based on our choice) will be added on also some spices and mix well. No vegetable oil is used during this process. That's why the omelette will stick on the wok and enable to put it upside down straight against charcoal fire until it's totally cooked. Finally, sweet grated coconut granule, dried salted shrimp and fried shallots are sprinkled on the omelette, it's ready to serve.

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Jul 18, 2010

Mojo Fruit, in The Name of Majapahit Kingdom

Mojo Fruit (Aegle Marmelos Correa) is rareness fruit, which many found in East Java area especially in Mojokerto regency and its surroundings. Mojo Fruit has two compounds, namely antiviral compound and poison compound. Antiviral compound is enough useful because can be applied to fight against bacterium, microbe, and virus, while the poison compound is exactly harm because it can make a death. But even many publics assuming that Mojo fruit cannot be consumed, the reality is there are many people who wish to look after it.

There are some opinion say that Mojo (Aegle Marmelos) tree, which is the legend plant in Indonesia, simply have many special qualities. The mosquitoes are not like its bitter taste, so that its extract is applicable to avoid mosquito if it rub to arm and foot.
Mojo Tree yield fruit of equal fruit like Citrus Maxima, the fruit is green, its kernel is white like white pumpkin and small seed. While, the old Mojo is amber with white kernel, tasted bitter.
Mojo Fruit is historic fruit, related to the forming of the biggest Kingdom in Indonesia, Mojopahit. It is said that Mojo fruit found when Raden Wijaya is permitted to cut open Tarik forest. With his army and Madura team helps, he cut open the forest so that it was good to occupied. When they were working, one of the army felt hungry. Then the guard to try to look for food in the middle of the forest, but he just meet Mojo tree with the circular fruit and green. The guard was thinking to eat this Mojo fruit. Then he ate the fruit, which actually the taste is bitter. Involuntary, he said that Mojo fruit is bitter. Because most of all area in the forest is grown by Mojo tree which is bitter, hence after that, the place is named Mojopahit, which means; the bitter Mojo fruit.
Then finally, the name of Mojopahit Kingdom is very famous until now on and believes as Indonesians genesis. Now, many people who have never see Mojo fruit. But, Mojo tree are found in many area such as; Mojokerto, Nganjuk, Jombang and its surroundings. Even its special quality is not known yet, but it is quite a few of people who wish to plant Mojo tree as house yard decorator in order to seen green and fresh.

Mojo Fruit: Old-Getting Old-Young

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Water Castle (Tamansari) Yogyakarta

Formerly Tamansari was a recreation garden or a resting house for the Sultan and Family. The other resting houses including Warungboto, Manukberi, Ambarbingun, and Ambarrukmo functioned for the vacation and meditation for the royal family. The other function is used as hiding place for royal family to defend against the enemy assault.

Tamansari is located about 2 km south of Yogyakarta Palace. Built by Portuguese architect in European aquatic construction adorned with Javanese Symbolize ornaments. Tamansari was built in the Sultan Hamengku Buwono I period in the end of XVII Century. Tamansari not only just a recreation, but it's also a compound of bathing pool, canals, rooms and extremerly large swimming pool (if the canals opened).
The Tamansari complex consist of:
  1. The Sacred Room
    There is the sacred place in the complex showing a separated building, which once functioned as a hermitage place for the Sultan and his family
  2. The Bathing Pool
    This part was formerly a pleasure place for the royal family. Consists of two bathing pool that are separated with a 2-storey building. From this building the Sultan watched all the women swimming in the outer pool. Then he might ask some of them to accompany him into the inner pool. The water sprouts from a forming animal statue into the pool. The pool is also adorned with some big flowerpot.
  3. Kenanga or Cemeti Island
    This part compounds of some building such as Kenanga or Cemeti Island (forming Island), Sumur Gemuling and underground tunnels.
    This artificial island is a high building used as resting room and reconnoitering place. This will be the only building surfaced when the canals opened and the water over flew this area. From the higher place it like lotus floating in the middle of big pool.
    Sumur Gemuling is building constructed in circle such a well (Javanese: sumur) where some rooms formerly used as praying room.
    The tunnels in this area were underground passageways to the Sultan palace. The legend says about secret tunnel connecting to the south sea (Indian Ocean) where Nyai Roro Kidul or the Queen of the South has her palace. The supernatural Queen becomes the wife of Yogyakarta Sultan for many generations. This secret tunnels is gateway to the world where the Sultan meeting is supernatural wife. However the building also functioned as a hiding place for the royal family against the enemy attack.
Tamansari is an interesting place to visit. Besides the location is very closed to the Sultan palace, Tamansari has it owned speciality in attraction reflecting in some unimpaired ancient building and its atmosphere as the main tourist object of Yogyakarta.
There is Masjid Sokotunggal, a unique mosque with a single pillar that is different from Javanese traditional architecture. Although built in the early of XX century, the mosque gives another attraction of this area. Kampung Taman that lies in the Tamansari complex nearby known for the batik craft. Visitor can buy or watch handmade process for both batik painting and batik clothes. Therefore people from all over Indonesia and abroad have visited this village. Not for from Tamansari is Ngasem traditional market, the biggest bird market in Yogyakarta. All of those attractions have made Tamansari become one of main tourist object in Yogyakarta besides Yogyakarta palace.

Source :
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Jul 8, 2010

Stone Burnt Party on Papua

Discussed about Papua it seems had not the end. The pretty exotic island that located on the end East of Indonesia had the attraction of extraordinary nature. For example, mentioned the underwater tour attraction of King Ampat Waters. This region had more than 1.070 species kinds of fish, 600 species kinds of coral reef, and 699 mollusk kinds. This matter made this region underwater heaven for the divers. Not only that, the Sentani Lake, Paniai Lake, Jayawijaya PeakLorentz National Park, all of them kept the attraction that will not be enough to be translated through words.

Apart from the territory and the tourist attraction that was mentioned above, still had again the place in Papua that had beauty of nature that was still natural, where that was the Baliem Valley. Was located in the height 1,600 on sea level, were framed the jungle and the river current, as well as was not yet touched by technology, made this region the place that kept millions stories and the incident. In this place, Papua countryside ethnic groups knitted the meaning of their daily life. The countryside ethnic groups were still living in theHonai House, that was male clothed with Koteka and the woman clothed with Noken. Behind all that, these countryside ethnic groups kept the tradition wealth and the typical and unique culture.

Like other ethnic groups in 
Indonesia, these countryside ethnic groups also had the unique and typical grateful tradition. One of them was the Bakar Batu Party. The Bakar Batu Party was a ritual traditional Papua that was done as the form of the expression of gratitude for the abundant blessing, the marriage, the great guest reception, but also as the death ceremony. Moreover, this ceremony was also carried out as peace proof after the war happening between-ethnic group.

This party was often carried out in the 
Baliem Valley Region, Wamena Sub district, Jayawijaya District, Papua, Indonesia. However, the assurance of the location point was carried out was uncertain. If as the death ceremony and the marriage, this party will be carried out in the resident's house that had party. However, when this ceremony as the expression of gratitude or the symbol of peace usually is carried out in the middle of the big field.

In accordance with the name, in cooking and processing food for this party, ethnic groups in Papua used the method of burning the stone. Each area and the ethnic group in the 
Baliem Valley region had the term personally to reconcile words burnt the stone. The Paniai community mentioned it with ‘Gapii‘ or ‘Mogo Gapii‘, the Wamena community mentioned it ‘Kit Oba Isago‘, whereas the Biak community mentioned it with ‘Barapen‘. However apparently Barapen became the most general term to use. Bakar Batu Party also was the site to gather for the resident. In this party will be seen how high is the solidarity and the community's Papua togetherness. The other meaning from this party was as the expression to forgive each other interregional.
Bakar Batu Party procession usually consists of three stages, which is the preparations stage, burns the pig, and eats together. The preparations stage was preceded with the search for firewood and the stone that will be utilized to cook. The stone and firewood were compiled with the place as follows, in the lowest part was organized measuring big stones, above was covered with firewood, afterwards was organized again the rock that his measurement was more small, et cetera until the highest part was covered with wood. Afterwards this heap was burnt until wood was completely burnt and the rock became hot. The men generally do all this.

At the time, respectively the ethnic group handed over the pig. Then in turns the head of the ethnic group bowed the pig. When the pig died at once bow, that was the sign that the agenda will be successful. However when the pig indirectly died, was believed there’s something wrong with the agenda. If that is the death ceremony, usually several relatives of the sorrowful family brought the pig as the symbol of the condolences. If not, they will bring the parcel-contained tobacco, cigarettes, cooking oil, salt, sugar, coffee, and salted fish. Did not forget, when expressing condolences each must embrace tight and kissing the cheek.

In another place, women prepared the foodstuff that will be cooked. The pig is usually divided from the neck underside to the back leg groin. The contents of the stomach and the other part that were not consumed will be issued, while the part that will be cooked was cleaned. Likewise with vegetables and tubers.

The other men prepared a hole that the size be based on food numbers that will be cooked. The hole bottom was afterwards covered indifferently and the bananas leave. By using the special wood clip that was mentioned Apando, the slag cinders were compiled on the foliage. After that was afterwards covered again indifferently. On the tall grass afterwards, pork put into. Afterwards was closed again with the foliage. On this foliage afterwards was closed again with the stone glowed, and was covered again with the thick field.

After that, Hipere (sweet potatoes) was compiled above. The following layer was indifferent that was stockpiled again with the stone glowed. Afterwards vegetables take the form of Iprika or the leaves Hipere, Tirubug (the cassava leaves), Kopae (the paw paws leaves), Naham also (the machete gourd), and Towabug or Hopak (corn) placed above. Be not enough only tubers, sometimes the cooking will be increased with the discount Barugum (fruits). Further the hole was stockpiled again with grass and the stone glowed. Highest was placed the bananas leaves that were sprinkled the land as a holder, so the hot from the stone did not yawn.

Approximately 60 have till 90 cooking minutes been ripe. After ripe, grass will be opened and available food inside began to be issued one by one, afterwards was explained on the field. After food is spread out above, there was the person that will take red ripe. That was squeezed until going out his paste. Paste from red was poured on pork and vegetables. Salt and the flavor the feeling were also spread on the serving.

Now arrived during him for the resident to eat the serving that was ripe. All the inhabitants will cluster surrounded this food. The head of the 
Ethnic Group will become the first person who accepted the allocation took the form of sweet potatoes and pork. Further all will receive the same allocation, the man, the woman, parents, and children. After that, the inhabitants then began to eat this food. Bakar Batu Party was the agenda that most waited for by the resident of Papua countryside ethnic groups. In order to join this party they were willing to neglect the field and did not work for days. Moreover, they also were prepared to spend money in the number that was big to finance this party.

The geographical 
Papua condition that most took the form of the forest, hills, as well as mountains, caused access to head the location of the holding was difficult. For tourist who wanted to go to Papua, could use the transport of sea and air. If arriving in Papua, tourist could continue the trip used small aircraft that served the flight to the hinterlands. Moreover And You Too could use the car off-road rented.

Usually, this 
Bakar Batu Party was carried out in places was isolated, because of that was difficult to get adequate facilities. However, at least in theWamena City, stood some accommodation that could you rent. For the problem ate tourist might not worry, because in this city also was gotten many restaurants. For the transport, you could use small aircraft that served the flight through to far to the hinterland. Moreover, in the Wamena City also was gotten by the leasing of the wheel vehicle of four. If you did not have relatives or the acquaintance who could guide the tourist, tourist could make use of the available travel agency in the Wamena City.

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The Famous of "Kopi Luwak"

Kopi Luwak are robusta or arabica coffee beans which have been eaten by and passed through the digestive tract of the Indonesian Civet (family of Viverridae). This process takes place on the islands of Sumatra, Java and Sulawesi in the Indonesian Archipelago.

"Kopi" is the Indonesian word for coffee and "Luwak" is local name of this animal which eats the raw red coffee 'cherries' as part of its usual diet. This animal eats a mixed diet of insects, small mammals and fruits along with the softer outer part of the coffee cherry but does not digest the inner beans, instead excreting them still covered in some inner layers of the cherry.

Locals then gather the beans,which come through the 'animal stage' fairly intact, and sell them on to dealers. It is believed that enzymes in the stomach of the civet add to the coffee's flavour through fermentation of some type.

(Kopi Luwak at Oprah Winfrey Show)

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